“Mutina”, “The Capital of Engines”
19th of December, 2010
Our second day of this weekend trip and as planned, we used to visit the small and incredibly beautiful city of Modena. Who has never heard of this name before? Surely you must know for the balsamic vinegar, redundant to say it comes from here. At only 40km away from Bologna (check Bologna travel guide) and around 30 minutes by train between both, it is the perfect combination you should aim for. Bologna and Modena, two in one.
The city boasts two monuments listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Both located at the very heart of the historic centre, the Piazza Grande (meaning Great Square). It is with no surprise why is that as you will see for your own eyes.
Being of this size makes it perfect for a day trip, in fact, not even a full day is needed as you will visit everything in much less time, meaning you could use pretty much Saturday for Bologna while Sunday for Modena then heading back to the airport if you have an evening flight back on that day. If you plan to do it opposite way then you will be making a mistake because Bologna deserves more time, unless you’ve already visited it before.
There is not much more I can add for this introduction to the city; being that small and easy planned everything is very straightforward with an almost impossible chance of being lost or loosing time trying to locate yourself around.
As for food, again the same applies as in Bologna. You are never far from a great local place serving delicious pizza or pasta bolognesa as it is famous in this region; while of course, a salad will need to have the famous Modena balsamic.
What to see and do in Modena:
- Piazza Grande The heart of the city and most important sight. Here you will find:
-Cathedral and the Ghirlandina Both UNESCO World Heritage listed, the cathedral began construction in 1099 and finished in 1184 while the campanile was finished in 1319. You can go up the bell tower, open from 08.00am until 19.00pm except Sunday from 15.00pm until 19.00pm, but closed during whole August and some days over Easter. Admission free, or 1 Euro on Sundays.
-City Hall Also listed as a World Heritage site by UNESCO. The clock tower (Torre dell’Orologio) dates from the 15th century and it is the most recognisable landmark. You can get inside to visit some of the room, as the Fire Hall or Chamber of the Confirmed. Open from 09.00am until 12.30pm and 15.00pm to 19.00pm except Sunday which is only open from 15.00pm until 19.00pm, but closed during whole August and some days over Easter. Admission free, or 1 Euro on Sundays. Combined ticket on Sunday for the City Hall and Ghirlandina Tower 1.5 Euros.
- Ducal Palace With its beautiful Baroque façade was built in 1634 and was the seat of the Este court from the 17th to 19th centuries. Ever since hosts the Military Academy, Military Museum and a Library. Except for the museums, you can visit some of the rooms of the palace every Sunday except August from 10am to 11am. The fee of the guided tour is 7 Euros and you must pre book in advance.
- Churches of the old town You will come across with many churches everywhere ranging from the 11th to the 18th centuries.
- Teatro Comunale Is the Opera House dating back to 1841.
- Railway Station Built in 1859 it is likely it will be the first building you will see if arriving to Modena by train from Bologna.
The nearest airport is that of Bologna, just 40km away. Upon landing you can get buses directly to Modena, or from Bologna you have a good train timetable. Modena lies on the north train lines to Milano or Verona therefore easy to reach from any city along the way.
From the train station to the old town or anywhere within the city you do not need any public transportation; distances are really small and the historical area is walking distance to everything. Most of the streets are pedestrian friendly therefore not even buses or taxis can get inside.
We cannot recommend any place to sleep since our hotel was in Bologna and we treated Modena as a excursion. I would consider if I were you to also stay in Bologna where you get a greater choice and better prices in hotels not to mention as being a bigger city, much better night live and options for entertainment.